Physical Geography-II (Climatology & Oceanography)


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About Course :

This course is designed to provide the candidates a good understanding about the atmospheric and oceanographic phenomenon.

The study of Elements of Climate and the factors influencing the distribution of temperature and pressure are the key aspects covered. Apart from that the Heat budget, Insolation, Air masses, Fronts, Ocean currents are other interesting topics which enlighten the candidates to have a complete picture about the atmosphere and hydrosphere. This paper also explains how closely these two are associated with each other to determine the world climate and there by the life on this earth.

Learners outcomes:

• The students should be able to differentiate between weather and climate.

• The students should be able to understand the horizontal and vertical distribution of temperature.

• The students should be able to describe the relationship between air pressure and wind direction in cyclonic and anticyclonic movement.

• The students should be able to describe tropical air masses and how they move and to describe what happens when different air masses meet.

• The students should be able to explain how storms form, the relationship between jet stream position and storm movement, and make the distinction between warm fronts and cold fronts.

About Course Modules

There are totally 30 modules. Each module covers one topics, and three modules are completed in a week. Each topic consists of classroom Video with background graphics. Text material in the form of Power point and other material such as, Objectives, Summary, Glossary, FAQ, References, Transcript, Assignments and Quiz.

The candidates can easily learn through this material without any difficulty to understand. The greatest advantage in this learning process is at your time and at your place. No any form of compulsion. At your free will you can learn. Candidates are also free to post questions through the swayam portal to get clarification about their doubts.

Advantage of MOOC Learning

In an online platform the candidates are having free will to read material any number of times anywhere as well listen to videoany number of times until clearly understood. In a class room teaching once the class is over there is no scope to listen again.

Hence I feel the students of today's generation have a great advantage to learn any subject online. Hope this opportunityprovided by the Ministry of India will be utilized.


COURSE LAYOUT Week I : 1.Nature and Scope of Physical Geography | 2.Climatology -an outline | 3.Weather and Climate | Week II : 4.Atmospheric Temperature - Insolation and Global Energy Budget | 5.Atmospheric and its Temperature | 6.Horizontal and Vertical distribution of Temperature |
Week III : 7.Vertical & Horizontal distribution of pressure | 8. Atmospheric Pressure and Winds | 9.Air Masses and Fronts |
Week IV : 10. Cyclones and Anticyclones | 11.Tropical Cyclones, Thunderstorms & Tornadoes | 12. Hydro logical Cycle |
Week V : 13.Atmospheric Moisture | 14.Clouds, their origin and types | 15.Precipitation |
Week VI : 16. Oceanography-An Outline | 17. Physical Oceanography | 18. Origin of Ocean Basins |
Week VII : 19. Ocean Morphology and Relief | 20. Mid Ocean Ridges | 21. Giant Submarine Canyons |
Week VIII : 22. Deep Ocean Trenches | 23. Ocean Water Temperature | 24. Ocean Water Circulation |
Week IX : 25. Distribution of Salinity Density & Temperature of Sea water | 26. Ocean Currents | 27. Coral Reefs and Atolls |
Week X: 28. The World’s Oceans and Seas | 29. The Indian Ocean | 30. The Atlantic Ocean |