Week 1 : Atmospheric evolution, solar radiation, present day atmospheric constituents, various stages in the evolution of earth’s
atmosphere, formation of ozone, carbon budget, oxygen chemistry and life on earth.
Week 2 : Variation of temperature with height, density and ionization with altitude, classification of atmosphere based on
temperature and pressure, hydrostatic equation, hypsometric equation
Week 3 : Fundamental forces, non-inertial forces, momentum equations governing the motions in atmosphere, curvature effect,
various scales of atmospheric motions.
Week 4 : Thermodynamics of earth’s atmosphere, humidity variables, moist air, potential and virtual temperatures, air parcel
theory, adiabatic expansion of unsaturated air, various lapse rates, vertical mixing of atmosphere,
Week 5 : Stability of atmosphere, buoyancy effects, expressing stability in various parameters, thermodynamic diagrams,
convective available potential energy,atmospheric radiation, saturated lapse rate and significance in thermodynamic variables
Week 6 : Atmospheric absorption and greenhouse effect, atmospheric aerosols, origin and characterization of aerosols,
physical and chemical characteristics of aerosols, cloud condensation nuclei
Week 7 : Forced lifting of air, cloud formation and growth, cloud morphology, growth of cloud droplets, terminal velocity of rain droplets
Week 8 : Physics of lightening, radiative transfer and budget, atmospheric equations of motion, atmospheric absorption, albedo
Week 9 : Earth’s upper atmosphere, Ionosphere, various layers and chemistry of ionosphere, types of reactions,
Week 10 : Composite F layer, single particle motion in homogeneous fields
Week 11 : Single particle motion in in homogeneous electric and magnetic fields
Week 12 : Chapman’s theory of layer production, airglow and aurora, Earth’s magnetosphere, reconnection and measurement
techniques using ground based and space borne instruments.